Melvin James Brooks (Kaminsky, born June 28, 1926) is an American actor, comedian, filmmaker, composer, and songwriter. He is known as a creator of broad film farces and comic parodies. Brooks began his career as a comic and a writer for the early TV variety show Your Show of Shows. He became well known as part of the comedy duo with Carl Reiner in the comedy skit, The 2000 Year Old Man. He also created, with Buck Henry, the hit television comedy series, Get Smart, which ran from 1965 to 1970.
After the floods of 1170 and 1173 locals of the river Amstel vicinity built a bridge over- and a dam across the river, hence giving its name to the village: “Aemstelredamme”. The earliest recorded use of the name “Aemstelredamme” (Amsterdam) comes from a document dated 27 October 1275. Inhabitants of the village, by this document, were exempted from paying abridge toll in the County of Holland by Count Floris V. This meant it had been allowed for the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel freely through the County of Holland without having to pay toll at bridges, locks and dams all throughout the county. The certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme (people living near Amestelledamme). By 1327, the name had developed into Aemsterdam.
The “Minutemen,” a team of costumed crime fighters, was formed in 1939 in response to a rise in costumed gangs and criminals; the “Watchmen” was similarly formed decades later. Their existence has dramatically affected world events: in particular, Doctor Manhattan’s superpowers help the United States win the Vietnam War, resulting in President Richard Nixon being reelected for a third term. Dr. Manhattan gives the West a strategic advantage over the Soviet Union, which by the 1980s threatens to escalate the Cold War into anuclear war. During that time, growing anti-vigilante sentiment leads to masked crime-fighters being outlawed. While many of the heroes retire, Dr. Manhattan and the Comedian operate as government-sanctioned agents, and Rorschach continues to operate outside the law, becoming a fugitive as a result.